Sunday, September 2, 2018

Jurists in Saudi Arabia face the risk of execution

Jurists in Saudi Arabia face the risk of execution

The issue of the rights and freedoms issues in Saudi Arabia has witnessed a great development and has had international repercussions, especially after the recent arrests of activists and jurists of both sexes, especially women, where the arrest of women has become an exciting subject for the media, leading the world news and activating human rights institutions. In the world, to the extent that the file of women's mobility has become a substance to provoke international crises to the extent of cutting political relations between Saudi Arabia and some countries, as happened with Canada.

Why all these campaigns?

The New Saudi Covenant is practiced in light of what is known as the 2030 development vision, which spent large sums of money to promote this vision and marketing it through international institutions for public relations, advertising and propaganda, and it has echoes in the international media that the new Kingdom is a state without tension but rather based on openness and modernity. The ground, within the Kingdom is contrary to everything that is advertised and marketed. After the announcement, the country witnessed large-scale arrests of businessmen and economic figures and widespread arrests of writers, intellectuals, activists and jurists. It also witnessed a strange campaign in its history of targeting women with arbitrary arrest, prosecution and torture to the point of death threats for their peaceful human rights activities.
 Women in Saudi Arabia have been able to assert their presence, power and influence, despite the policy of power that made them a marginalized human being deprived of their rights and under the control of a man deprived of his rights and marginalization in a country that does not believe in elections and the constitution. Women aspire to grab rights in any way despite the absence of freedom of expression and pluralism , The absence of any institutions or the recognition of any political parties or human rights or civil and under a strict system only opinion of the ruling power governing the iron, fire and blood, is prohibited to express opinion or demonstration or protest and who does so is a criminal according to the law and apply the harshest punishments in the name of religion . The peaceful reform movement continues despite the campaigns of arrest, imprisonment and execution of many because of the expression of opinion and peaceful protest.
The new era in the country has lost all that it has earned during the billions of dollars worth of media campaigns to polish the Vision 2030 project and to burn all the media gains that accompanied the women's leadership campaign. It was a media attention that turned into a world event that was sung by government media for a long time. During the massive arbitrary arrests, especially against academic women, human rights activists and activists, where the Western media found a more exciting article contrary to what the Saudi authorities promote openness and give women their rights.
 Saudi women have been able to impose their presence and be at the forefront of the attention of the Western and international media hungry to monitor the news of the Kingdom, especially about women, as they are usually those institutions that are more concerned with women's affairs after decades of absence and marginalization and the absence of rights and freedoms and the emergence of women activists and rights thanks to their efforts And their activity through the media social networking, and put the issues live in a distinctive and influential and high ceiling, which has disturbed the official system.

Attendance and excellence

Saudi society suffers from marginalization and exclusion. The citizen is a man, although the society is said to be masculine, but his rights are stolen and he has no freedom or immunity. He is absent from taking part in making the most crucial decisions - these are the decisions of the king and his family only - and women are the most absent and marginalized. Throughout the decades since the establishment of the Kingdom in 1938. But as a result of the Western media attention to the file and issues of women's movement and monitoring their activity through communication programs, this movement has become a frightening force of the system in light of the solidarity of many human rights organizations and media institutions of some countries file and issues, Saudi women have become more powerful and influential and receive global media attention. This has been manifested in the issue of driving demand, freedom of travel and work, and the recent arrests of female activists and jurists.
It is well known that the Saudi regime is a totalitarian regime that does not accept any opinion that criticizes its policies and decisions. It is not easy to reverse any internal decision regarding the people easily. It was forced to allow women to exercise their natural right to drive cars as a result of women's mobility and large sacrifices, In November 1990, when they were arrested and defamed and expelled from work. This issue was repeated in the international media and caused severe embarrassment to the authority, which was described as a reactionary, backward and hard-line state. The Riyadh authorities have tried to take advantage of the decision to lift the ban on women from driving and exploit the media that covered the event to praise and glorify power, as part of Vision 2030 in the absence of efforts and sacrifices made by activists and activists, And the withdrawal of the most important issue from under the carpet activists and activists in particular, as the government expects that after the lifting of the ban has eliminated any reason for the existence of women's movement, but the continuation of the movement to raise new human rights issues have plagued the Authority very much angered and launched a campaign of large-scale arrests against human rights activists .
The government always makes crises. Its decisions to prevent women from driving are the basis of the social problem of the movement of activists and activists to demand driving. The absence of freedom and elections in the Shura Council is what makes jurists and jurists demanding freedom, pluralism and direct elections. , Not the problem in social claims the right.
Government policy is the cause of national problems and crises, they are responsible for the issuance of laws and regulations, generally driving women to the car is the right of them has been delayed about 250 years of car industry has been achieved after very large sacrifices, a very simple right in front of the most on her. And the mobility of men and women will continue in the light of awareness and especially of women in terms of rights and freedoms.

The reality of female activity

Since 2011, Saudi Arabia has witnessed a remarkable youth movement, with 70 percent of the population below 30 years of age. This is the largest segment of Arab society that uses social networking programs. Saudi youth, especially women, have found a wide and open space for women's issues And national rights and freedoms in the absence of any platform or civil institution on the ground in the country where it prevents the establishment of institutions or associations or trade unions. Women were able to use the new technology to express their views and demand their rights loudly, and to lead campaigns through means of communication such as demanding the leadership of cars and freedoms and rights and non-aggression and arbitrary detention. The women's movement witnessed a dramatic and influential escalation that had echoes inside and outside the country. Saudi women interested in human rights and freedoms were able to be on most Arab and international satellite channels to talk about the human rights and freedoms in Saudi Arabia and to talk about their visions and aspirations and participate in international conferences. Many of the countries of the world, such as human rights activists currently detained Samar Badawi, which was honored by the US Secretary of State and strange that the US administration did not move to defend them after her arrest.
The success of women's mobility in the management of their programs demands the rights of Salmiyeh away from the denominations or political or religious movements or political parties, and to achieve strong results of campaigns that are launched through communication programs, and the demand for rights and the interaction of society in general, has raised the ceiling of demands in women and put forward and innovation in launching campaigns Programs, and access to raise public opinion and industry opinion of the street. It is remarkable that the women's movement witnessed an interaction by all segments of women from all sects and regions, ie, the movement exceeded the sectarian, regional and class situation. Women also played a role in demonstrations and protests through monitoring, publishing, photography, and writing about events in a professional manner. This powerful new movement confused power and members of its security establishment. First, intimidated by arresting men from parents, husbands or children and writing a pledge that the girl This method worked with men, where men's mobility decreased after arrests, threats and pressures, but the women's movement continued to be stronger and the government, which pretended to respect customs and traditions, not to target women because of the expression of opinion, Data to control the mobility of women's peaceful, you can not control arose authorities Riyadh, the anxious of the movement by targeting women through arbitrary arrests and extensive campaigns and so I took off to demonstrate respect for social customs and religious traditions not to attack women mask because it is an attack on the show and honor.

Arbitrary arrests

The authorities of Riyadh did not accept the insistence of women on the movement and demanding rights, which meant embarrassing her, so she opened the files of any activist through communication or media programs to hold them accountable. In this way she arrested women from all cities, regions, sects and currents: Esra al-Ghamgam, Htoun al-Fassi, Naima al- Nasif, Jalin al-Hathloul, Iman al-Nafjan, Nouf Abdul Aziz, Noor al-Musallam, Naseema al-Sada, Mayam al-Zahrani, Samar Badawi, Amal al-Harbi and others, against the background of their peaceful human rights activities. The arrests had reactions abroad - and were silenced within the kingdom due to fear of arrest - The condemnation of the arrest campaigns by international and civil rights organizations and associations, such as Canada, which condemned the arrest of activist Nasima al-Sada and Samar Badawi, the wife of human rights lawyer Waleed Abu al-Khair about five years ago and the sister of the activist activist Ra'if Badawi. Its diplomatic relationship with Ottawa.
 Saudi Arabia has long cut off diplomatic relations with many Western powers. A crisis broke out with London in the early 1980's due to the screening of a film called "The Death of a Princess" on a British channel. It deals with the story of the execution of Princess Mishaal, the granddaughter of Prince Mohammed bin Abdul Aziz. The film angered Riyadh, withdrew its ambassador, expelled the British ambassador, launched a campaign against London and severed relations with the country for almost four months.

Execution of Women Lawyers

There is serious concern that Riyadh's anger led to the execution of some of the detainees because of the expression of opinion. The prosecution recently demanded the execution of the detained human rights activist Esraa Al-Ghamgham. The prosecution filed charges against her for political activism, Had Riyadh executed her, it would be the first execution of a woman because of the expression. Ghamgam was arrested on 8 December 2015 by raiding her apartment and arresting her husband, who is still in detention. She is the first woman arrested for political activity in the last five years. No one knew of her arrest until two days later. On August 6, a hearing was held to try al-Ghamgam without the presence of any lawyer, where the prosecution demanded the death sentence, and the second session will be held on 28/10/2018. Social networking programs have seen campaigns denouncing the court, and human rights groups around the world have expressed serious concern for their safety and Canada has expressed its disapproval.
Meanwhile, local and global public concern about Riyadh's approach to dealing with internal crises through force, the slogan of the New Testament, is growing.

London «Al-Quds Al-Arabi»

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